Dental-alveolar surgery is a type of oral surgery that involves procedures performed on the alveolar bone. The alveolar bone is an essential component of the tooth socket, which is the bony cavity in the jaw where the roots of the teeth are anchored. Dental-alveolar surgery can include a range of procedures such as tooth extraction, wisdom tooth removal, dental implant placement, bone grafting, and other related surgical procedures. These surgeries are usually performed by oral and maxillofacial surgeons trained and experienced in this type of surgery.
One of the most common procedures performed in dental-alveolar surgery is extractions. An extraction is usually performed when a tooth is damaged beyond repair due to decay, trauma or infection. During the procedure, the oral surgeon will remove the tooth from the socket in the alveolar bone and may need to use specialized instruments to break the tooth into smaller pieces for easier removal. Another standard procedure is wisdom tooth removal, which is done when there is not enough room in the mouth for the wisdom teeth to erupt correctly. Dental implant placement is another important procedure in dental-alveolar surgery, which involves placing an artificial tooth root into the jawbone to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge or denture.